Could simplify our tax and fee structures? When you read through the instructions for 1040 form, do you suspect that it might be 100 times more complicated that it needs to be? That taxes are only created, added, modified, but never lifted? Or, do you look at it all and say, wow -- I can't find anything that would be fair to eliminate now with all this stuff in there. Wouldn't our country fall apart if we picked apart the tax code?
Not likely. But then we probably can't just replace it whole sale either. At least you can't build support for a new structure if you don't have a new one worked out. So, the purpose of this section is to pose the question of an equitable tax structure for individuals (families), businesses, corporations (ie ENRON), and so on.
Consider all the expenses of our local home place, and all the expenses of the larger entities containing it. There must be a giant tax vector, a giant computation can distribute those costs (your taxes and fees) and allocates funding sources. That is revenue sharing.
Not so simple, unless you count LAST YEAR'S sales tax instead of projecting this year's -- A perennial legislative problem.
Self taxing. A neighborhood can form a Local Improvement District to tax itself for fix a road, add sidewalks, etc. Businesses can form an alliance for provide safety, cleanups, and helping tourists or boosting tourism. Funding for tourism -- does that come out of a general fund at the state level?
Payroll (income tax) - city, state, federal. What for?
A big question is whether a person can be forced to pay taxes where some portion of the fund goes to support something they are opposed to: a trillion dollars on war, any money at all on abortion, the Arts, tourism, ... Answer is Yes. No one has ever beat this. Taxes are not elective.
Myth about federal income taxes were establish to pay for an old war, and then never sunsetted. Some people cite an obscure doctrine, and refuse to pay federal income tax.
Library of congress on this: http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/hottopic/irs_history.html
Wikipedia Tax protester constitutional arguments. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax_protester_constitutional_arguments
The following are just assertions and musings. I've yet to rigorously explore the application of the world model to taxation. References anyone? Your thoughts?
A business pays tax on its earnings, inventory, worker's comp programs, licenses, permits, transit district, ...
Taxes on sales of certain items - gas, automobiles, ATF, energy, bandwidth, phone line access, ... The list is not complete of course.
Robert D. Atkinson of the Brookings Institure says of AMERICAN METROPOLITICS: The New Suburban Reality by Myron Orfield:
Perhaps the most compelling argument Orfield makes is that the ruthless competition among communities to attract commercial and industrial development is a negative-sum game in which communities provide hefty and wasteful tax subsidies to compete for development.
In this context, the Twin Cities' tax-base proposal-requiring that a portion of the increase in commercial and industrial property tax revenues be shared (to give all communities an incentive to cooperate in the economic development of the region)- makes good sense. As a result, if shared tax-base revenue goes to schools and is collected from industrial and commercial property, it can lead to an increase in overall welfare.
Original Article on New Democrats Online
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